PRISONERS OF WAR CAPTURED DURING PERIOD
No Prisoners of War were captured during this period.
Annex #2 (Summary of Enemy Action)
Period 1 May 1945 to 9 May 1945 (Incl)
During the report period, the number of intelligence teams was at the usual lever, consisting of one OB, PI, MII, and two IPW teams.
The duty of the Order of Battle team for the period were varied, keeping abreast with the enemy situation and assisting with G-2 matters. Help was given to S-3 in making small unit general inspections.
Activity of the Photo Interpretation team consisted principally of processing various captured German films thought to be of value in enemy intelligence.
The German MII team was kept busy at the G-2 section to handle all problems requiring German-speaking interpreters, and in this capacity rendered assistance to the CIC and Military Government.
IPW team #156 on duty with 424 Infantry, was assisting the S-2 in preparing for segregating and screening prisoners of war.
IPW team #82, after taking part in a school for all unit's CO's and Staff's on the segregation and screening of prisoners of war, proceeded, on 5 May 1945, to the 3rd Infantry for the segregating and screening of prisoners.
106 CIC Detachment
On 1 May 1945 this detachment was located at Stromberg, Germany. The mission of the detachment consisted of maintaining the security of the division CP which also was located within the city of Stromberg.
During the period covered in this report the detachment headquarters was moved from Stromberg to Bad Ems, Germany. The last elements of the detachment prior to departure conducted a security search within the vacated division CP for lost or undestroyed classified material.
After arrival in Bad Ems the mission of this detachment was to provide and maintain troop security as well as preparation and planning for future operations in conjunction with the mission of the division in regard to the PWTEs under divisional control.
During the period covered by this report this detachment, except as otherwise stated, was either in movement or assisting in the preparation of plans for the mission it was about to undertake within the PWTEs.
PERIOD 1 MAY 1945 to 9 MAY 1945 (Incl)
During the period 1 - 9 May, arrangements were completed for supply and evacuation of the division units in their assigned areas through Fifteenth Army or ASCZ installations. Contact parties from the division services were placed in the areas to insure coordination and proper servicing of the units. The fact that units were so widely separated made a complete supply and evacuation through division impracticable. The supply of T/E equipment, however, to all units was continued through division services.
The urgent need of supply for PWTEs made necessary the utilization of division service elements to supplement the supply service of ASCZ.
a. Glass I: Rations issued from division truckheads during the period were made on the following basis:
Type "A" 99.87%
Arrangement were made for units distant from the Division QM to draw from the closest Army, ADSEC, or CONAD class I point.
b. Class II & IV.
During this period Class II supplies were drawn from Army depot at HERBESTHAL, BELGIUM.
In addition to the regular Class II supplies for the division, 322 tons of German material was picked up in the FRANKFURT and DARMSTADT areas, and hauled in 106th Quartermaster trucks to PWTEs guarded by the division.
There were no essential Quartermaster items needed by the division which were not available.
Approximately 347 tons of Class II and IV supplies (this total includes supplies for division troops and supplies picked up for PWTEs) were hauled into the division and distributed by the 106th Quartermaster Company trucks and personnel.
c. Class II:
During this period units of the division were each in a different area guarding PWTEs. Because of the distances from the Division Quartermaster, arrangements were made for each unit to draw POL products from the nearest Army, ADSEC, or CONAD Class III Depot. Division troops, however, continued to draw from the Division Quartermaster Class III DP.
The following POL products were drawn and issued by the Division Quartermaster DP:
2. SALVAGE AND RECLAMATION:
Because units of the division were spread out over such a large area, arrangements were made for each unit, with the exception of division troops, to go to the nearest Army, ADSEC, or CONRAD Salvage Repair Company. Division Troops continued to be handled by the Division Quartermaster.
Because units of the division were spread out over such a large area, arrangements were made for each unit, with the exception of division troops, to go to nearest Army, ADSEC, or CONAD Salvage Repair Company. Division Troops continued to be handled by the Division Quartermaster.
During the period the following items were taken by the Division
Quartermaster to the 593d QM Salvage Repair Company at HERBESTHAL,
BELGIUM for repair:
During this period the following laundries, in the
division areas, were used:
Units were advised to use any existing civilian
facilities available in their areas to supplement the Quartermaster
laundries, which gave first priority to hospitals.
facilities were furnished by the 4231 S & B Co at ANDERNACH, FI?THEM,
and NIEDERBRESIG, and by the 814th Mobile Shower Unit at
MaI?MEIM. The Division
Quartermaster operated the Municipal Bath at BAD EMS for troops in that
In addition to the shower units provided, units used
bathing facilities located in the billets and public facilities existing
in their areas.
of the 106th Quartermaster Company travelled 41,664 miles
during this period.
The medical units of the division were stretched from
BUDERICH in the north to HEILBRONN in the south.
Organic medical detachments operated
dispensaries, prophylactic stations and rendered medical service
to all troops assinged, attached and casual, all along the Rhine River.
This, in addition to rendering great help in the organization of
PWTEs, physical classification of all troops (profiling) and the
multitude of other duties considered routine.
The care of the sick and wounded PWs held in the
enclosures operated by division was the priority mission of the division
medical services. Care of
the sick resolved itself, not only in the treatment, evacuation,
hospitalization and supply of medical items, but also in the feeding,
sheltering and the controlling of sanitation within the enclosure.
PWTE, containing up to 168,000 louse infected people, a high
percentage of whom are either sick or wounded, cramped into spaces
initially meant for 20 to 50 thousand was not a pleasant picture.
The picture of each of the 100,000 PWs having more than one bowel
movement (1 to 4 thousand cases of dysentery in each enclosure) daily,
did not comfort the medical officer.
Compartmentation and construction of the enclosure seemed to come
along slowly and the water supply was at best inadequate or minimal.
Housing or shelter for the young or old was non-existent.
Food was not plentiful.
All this added up for more and more potential work for the
medical service, and a maximum effort was obviously necessary.
During this period 6 PWTEs were placed in operation by
the division. Each enclosure
was furnished one or more medical teams consisting of 3 officers and 12
enlisted men to organize, administer, and render medical service to the
enclosure. The Medical
Battalion was thoroughly exploited of its officer and enlisted personnel
to form teams, and of its organic equipment to aid in the accomplishment
of the mission. Additional
medical teams were placed at our disposal by the Advance Section of Com
Z. Each team, before
attachment to an enclosure, was given a blue print or basic plan of
operation. Guide T/O’s &
T/E’s for infirmaries, special medical centers and administrative
headquarters were furnished.
Hospitalization policies and plans for evacuation of personnel from
enclosure to hospital were issued.
Orientation talks were held and problems to be met and goals to
reach were outlined, so that medical teams did enter their enclosure
well oriented as to their mission and as to the means available in the
accomplishment of its mission.
It was not at all, therefore, surprising that the medical service
was always the first to be thoroughly organized and functioning.
This usually within the firs 36 hours after the opening of the
German POW medical officers and personnel were
screened, secured and rapidly organized.
Infirmaries were set up in compartments and in places where it
was hoped compartments would be.
Each infirmary was staffed y two or three German medical officers
and 12 German enlisted medical personnel.
The infirmary consisted of a dispensary and a small 25-bed
hospital, and generally serviced some 5,000 POWs.
Special medical centers (hospitals of 100 to 500 beds) were set
up to handle the more severe diarrheas or other special type cases.
All possible medical service that could be adequately rendered
within the enclosure, within the means and capabilities of the staff,
was accomplished. Adequate
medical service was available.
Cases which needed more extensive hospital care were upon
approval of an American medical officer transferred to an adjoining
Sanitation within the enclosure was a first priority
project. A plan for the
control of sanitation was issued and placed into effect in many
enclosures. However high
water tables, poor drainage, rainy weather, lack of shovels, latrine
boxes and the ever present thousands of dysentery cases, were only part
of the sanitation problem encountered.
Lice and delousing was ever present.
Delousing teams were trained and DDT, when available was used.
Delousing because of incomplete compartmentation of camps and
lack of DDT made little progress in this period.
Medical men cannot work without medical supplies and
therefore the medical supply problem was fundamental.
During this period no medical supplies were delivered either to
the division or the enclosure by any higher headquarters.
All medical battalion trucks and all agencies of the surgeon’s
office were on a constant 24-hour medical supply hunt.
All dumps and caches, true or rumored, were investigated.
KASSEL, BURG, FRANKFORT, LEVER KRUESEN, were ferreted.
Camp medical supply officers were requested to and did join the
hunt. A minimum of supplies
was obtained. The hand to
mouth supply existence continued.
Sick calls varying from 1 to 10 thousand daily caused pressing
needs. Though the cry for
supplies was incessant and the deliveries spasmodic, the quantities
delivered do furnish a mare minimum for a day to day basis.
Cots, tentage, litters and basic instrument sets were the most
critical of items; necessary expendable drugs less critical.
OPERATIONS. The period 1 May
thru 9 May 1945, the 106th Signal Company was located in two
different areas. From 1 May
to 3 May inclusive, the Company was located in STROMBERG, GERMANY.
On 4 May 45 th4 Company departed STROMBERG for BAD EMS, GERMANY,
arriving the same day, to install the communication system for the 106th
Infantry Division and its attached units.
The Division extended from LINFORT, Germany to MANNHEIM, GERMANY,
a distance of approximately 300 miles.
Within this period the communication system was handled by motor
messenger, air messenger, radio and telephone.
For meritorious service in connection with military
operations, the officers and enlisted men of the 106th Signal
Company have been award the following decorations:
a. Message Center Section.
(1) Total messages received and transmitted --------- 436
Total code groups received and transmitted –----- 22,554
Telephone and Telegraph Section.
telephone and telegraph section made a survey of telephone calls placed
over the Division Headquarters switchboard on the following day:
1945 -------- 1,554
section did not operate during the period covered by this report.
(1) Types of wire lines constructed and rehabilitated:
following equipment has been repaired during this period by the Division
Signal Repair Section:
the period 10 December 1945 thru 9 May 1945 the Division Signal Supply
Section has issued 323 tons of Signal equipment.
Division Ordnance Office, Division Ammunition Office, and 806th
Ordnance (LM) Company were located as follows:
May 1 – 3 BINGEN, GERMANY
May 4 –
BAD EMS, GERMANY
Division mission of guarding PWTEs which were widely scattered presented
an unusual problem for Ordnance Support.
The northern-most units to be supported were located at WESEL,
GERMANY, and the southern-most at HEILBRONN, GERMANY, a distance of 250
air miles. Arrangements were
made with Ordnance Officers of ASCZ and CONAD for ordnance support for
the units which could not be supported by the Division maintenance
company. Ordnance parties
were sent to each of the units to insure that units were receiving the
desired ordnance support, to make inspections, and to report
difficulties encountered, to Division Ordnance Officer.
reports were submitted direct to Chief Ordnance Officer, COM Z.
No items were received, due to necessary changes in shipping
CLASS II SUPPLIES
Ordnance general supplies were obtained from 182d Ordnance Depot (ASCZ)
located at KITZENGEN, GERMANY.
On May 8 all requisitions were cancelled by the Depot and new
requisitions were submitted.
Inspection and repair of weapons of 3d Infantry Regiment was conducted
during this period. Liaison
was maintained with other units of the Division.
shop work continued. In
addition, liaison was maintained with all Division units.
were no expenditures of ammunition for this period.
Basic loads were reconstituted.
beginning of the period the 91st Engineer Battalion was
assigned the mission of assisting Engineer Groups in the division area
in completing the construction of Phase I of PWTEs already occupied, to
supply the necessary future Engineer supervision and conduct
reconnaissance for ant to haul, Engineer materials needed in the
construction of these enclosures.
addition, Company “C” began the operation of a rock quarry located in
BINGEN, GERMANY, whose daily output was to be used on access roads to
PWTEs. With the exception of
Company “B” which was located at BAD NEIDER BRESIG, GERMANY (WF687123)
working in support of the 346th Engineer General Service
Regiment and the 159th Infantry, all four companies were
situated in BUDENHEIM, GERMANY (WF314586) and all four companied were
under Bn control. Four water
points were in operation supplying division units each point having a
daily average output of 6,000 gallons.
On 3 May 1945, Company “A” (- 1 Plat) moved by motor convey to
MORS, GERMANY (RA240175) and on 4 May 1945 Headquarters and Headquarters
and Service Company moved by motor convoy to BAD EMS, GERMANY
(WL975928). Company “B”
started the construction of the PWTE at SINZIG A-5, erecting fences,
conducting reconnaissance for and hauling engineer materials to assigned
dumps. Company “C”
supervised the construction of the PWTE at HEIDESHEIM and continued
operation of the rock quarry at BINGEN, GERMANY.
On 5 May 1945, 1 platoon from Company “A” began reinforcing the
fixed bridge at BAD EMS< GERMANY to a capacity capable of supporting a
two-and-one-half-ton truck with its normal load and opened it to traffic
on 1200, 7 May 1945.
Companies “A”. “B”, and “C” worked in support of the 1330th,
346th, and 372d Engineer General Service Regiments
respectively, assisting them in the construction of Phase I in the
enclosures at RHEIMBERG, BUDERICH, REMAGEN and HEIDESHEIM, while three
Officers from Headquarters conducted daily inspections of all PWTEs in
the division area, reporting progress of their construction to the
Battalion Commander. The
period closed with all lettered companies actively engaged in the
construction of PWTEs and situated at the following locations:
a. Construction: 2 miles
: 2 miles
a. Constructed : None
b. Reinforced : One
PERIOD 1 MAY 1945 – 9 MAY 1945 (Incl)
REPORT OF MILITARY GOVERNMENT SECTION FOR THE PERIOD 1
– 9 MAY 1945
1. At the
opening of the period the Division CP was located in STROMBERG, GERMANY.
Major Sheehan had returned from detached service with the 69th
Infantry Division. Four
officers and six enlisted men were present for duty with the section.
On 1 May 1945, the senior Military Government Officer was advised
by the AC of S, G-5, that as this division has no area of Military
Government Responsibility, that the Military Government Section had no
authority to exercise jurisdiction over any area.
The section was further advised that the Military Government
Courts of this division have no jurisdiction for the trial of cases.
As a result of this directive, the only Military Government
function left to this section was liaison between local Military
Government and division units.
Sheehan was placed in charge of the special staff section responsible
for administration of prisoner of war temporary enclosures.
Technician fourth grade Lembo was also placed in that section.
the first week of May, a officer of this section delivered a one hour
talk on the rules of land warfare as regards prisoner of war, to all of
the major units of the division.
4. On 4
May 1945, the CP was moved to BAD EMS, GERMANY, One officer was
established in the Rathaus to act as liaison between units of the
division, Special Troops, and the local authorities.
The remainder of the section, the senior Military Government
Officer, Deputy Military Government Officer and three clerks remained
with the CP, to handle problems from the division as a whole.
Military Government Officer called on Supply Section, G-5, Fifteenth U.
S. Army to determine what local supplies were available for use in
prisoner of war temporary enclosures.
He was informed that such matters were handled through normal G-5
channels, and that no list of available captured supplies was as yet
6. On 8
May 1945, a report was received concerning art objects stored near
NASSAU. The senior Military
Government Officer investigated and determined that the objects were
adequately protected, Exact
location and circumstances were reported to Fifteenth U. S. Army.
this period 1 – 9 May 1945, this section was principally concerned with
handling many small problems arising from necessity of requisitioning
items from civilians, problems arising by reason of the unfamiliarity of
troops with the exact implication of the non-fraternization policy and
with the rules and procedures necessary to effect local requisitions.
Much advice was rendered on both subjects and it is felt that
much of value was accomplished.
HQ 106 INF DIV
2 MAY 45
MAP: GERMANY Road Map, scale 1:500,000, sheet #4.
1. Not applicable.
2. 106th INF DIV (-), moves by Mtrs Vic BAD EMS, GERMANY, 4 May 45.
3. DIV SP TRS:
Atchd: 81 ENGR BN (-)
by Mtrs from present area vic STROMBERG, GERMANY, to BAD EMS, GERMANY,
in accordance with Incl 1, Atchd.
Memo, “SOP for Mtr Movements:, Hq 106 INF DIV, 7 Mar 45, will be
complied with throughout move.
(2) AA MGs will be prepared for action, half loaded and manned throughout move.
Cl I: Units will arrive vic
BAD EMS, GERMANY, with one (1) days rations.
III: Tanks and cans will be full on departure.
PM will post route and provide necessary Traf control throughout Mtr
Local MPs will assist in controlling Traf through major towns.
Radio silence throughout move.
106 INF DIV CP will open BAD EMS, GERMANY, 041200 May 45.
Mtr March Table
Annex 5 to “Report After Action”,
Hq 106 Inf Div, 1 Jun 45
INCLOSURE 1 TO FO #14
MOTOR MARCH, 4 MAY 45
Comdr : Lt Col Hewitt
No. Vehicles : 175
No. Serials : 2
No. March Units :
Cross RHINE RIVER at BINGEN to N-42.
N-42 to intersection with N-260.
N-260 to SCHWALBACH to N-54 to LIMBURG.
N-49 to RJ 261. N-261
to BAD EMS.
2. IP –
Intersection of Route N-9 and Route #50, BINGEN, GERMANY.
Head passes IP 040700 May 45.
3. Speed –
40 miles in two (2) Hrs.
Distance between vehicles 60 Yds.
Interval between march units – 2 ˝ Min.
Interval between serials – 5 Min.
A ten (10) Min halt will be taken every two (2) Hrs on the even
Hr, starting at 0800.
HQ 106 INF DIV
2 MAY 45
MAP: GERMANY Road Map, 1:500,000 Sheet #4.
2. 3 INF
(less three (3) Bns) moves vic LINTFORT, GERMANY, by Mtrs 3 May 45.
CO, 3 INF will assume command RED GROUP as of 032400 May 45 vice
CO, 1st BN, 3 INF relieved.
a. 3 INF (less three (3) Bns):
Moves by Mtrs from present area vic WACKERHHELM, GERMANY, to vic
LINTFORT, GERMANY. Route:
N-9 to BINGEN to KOBLENZ to BONN to COLOGNE to NEUB to intersection with
Route N-222. Route N-222 to
intersection with Route N-57.
Route N-57 to intersection with Route N-58.
Route N-58 to destination.
Head of Clm passes unit IP 030600 May 45.
(1) Memo, “SOP for
Mtr Movements”, Hq 106 INF DIV, 7 Mar 45, will be complied with
AA MGs will be prepared for action, half loaded and manned
(1) Cl I:
3 INF units will arrive vic LINTFORT, GERMANY, with two (2) days
Cl III: Tanks and
cans will be full on departure
EVAC: Co “A”, 331 MED
BN will provide 3 INF with one (1) ambulance for move.
Div PM will post route and provide necessary Traf control
throughout Mr move.
Local MPs will assist in controlling Traf throughout major towns.
Radio silence throughout move.
3 INF will report new CP location and time of opening vic
|Provided by Roger Myers and David Wiswar.|
Page last revised
James D. West