1945

Jan 1-17, 1945 - Germans withdraw from the Ardennes.

Jan 1, 1945 - Spotlight Band To Be At CAMP ATTERBURY.  Bobby Sherwood to Broadcast from CAMP ATTERBURY Tuesday Night.  Cuts a recording of concert.

Jan 4, 1945 - General Fredendall's son is patient at Wakeman Hospital.

Jan 5, 1945 - 30th Division praised in stopping Germans.

Jan 6, 1945 - Cigarettes to be rationed. Soldiers at CAMP ATTERBURY  will be issued coupons entitling them to one carton per week.

Jan 9, 1945 - American troops land on the Philippines.

Jan 10, 1945 - 106th back in action.

Jan 11, 1945 - 30th Division accidentally bombed by Allied planes.

Jan 16, 1945 - U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge.

Jan 17, 1945 - Soviet troops capture Warsaw.

Jan 18, 1945 - 106th Division causalities reported to be 8, 663.

Jan 19, 1945 - Wakeman 'Recon' Unit Is Doubled.  To Have 6,000.  150 More Atterbury Barracks to be Turned Over to Service.

Jan 23, 1945 - Tank Destroyer unit that trained at CAMP ATTERBURY claims 102 Nazi tanks destroyed.  --  Saint Vith was retaken. Finally, on January 28 the Battle of the Bulge was officially over. The 106th division played a major role in the success of the Allies. They were credited with holding the Germans back. Timing was a major part of the Germans offensive to break through to the Meuse River and capture Antwerp. The first three days of the battle were the most important for the Germans. However, the 106th division slowed the Germans down at St. Vith.

Jan 25, 1945 - 30th Division finds American POWs shot by Germans.

Jan 26, 1945 - REPORT MEN FROM 106TH AS MISSING.  Were Residents Here During Time Division Was
In Training At Atterbury

Jan 26, 1945 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.

Jan 27, 1945 - Freeman AAF placed on inactive basis.  B-26 crashes near Columbus. None hurt.  Aushwitz Liberated.  Soviet forces liberated the largest German concentration/death camp Aushwitz. The Germans had killed 2,500,000 at Auschwitz, the great majority of which were Jews. By April, the full horror of the Holocaust had become clear when US forces liberated the concentration camps of Bergen Belson and Dachau.

Jan 29, 1945 - 38th Division lands on Luzon beaches. 

Jan 29 - Feb 14, 1945 - 38th Division battles for Zig Zag Pass.  The pass was officially known as Highway 7, but was little more than a tortuous trail across the neck of the Bataan peninsula.  The enemy losses were 1,846 killed and 18 prisoners.  Losses in the 38th Division were heavy. When the battle ended, half the second lieutenants had only a few weeks before been enlisted men who had displayed leadership in taking up when their officers became casualties. 

Jan 30, 1945 - A soviet submarine sinks the German hospital ship Wilhelm Gustloff with over 6.000 refugees from East Prussia and over 5.100 people are killed. This is the worst maritime disaster of all time.

Jan 31, 1945 - Request to transfer 28 sick German POWs to Camp Forrest, Tennessee.  Soviet troops reach the Oder River.

Feb 1, 1945 - Class 44-K graduates at Freeman AAF - Last class to graduate.  --  1537th SU at CAMP ATTERBURY is redesignated as the 1560th Service Command Unit and is the Post Garrison Unit.

Feb 2, 1945 - Yalta Conference begins.  President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Marshall Stalin, met at Yalta in the Southern Soviet Union. The meeting was a continuation of the earlier dialogue between Churchill and Stalin.

Feb 3, 1945 - As the 83rd Infantry Division comes out of the line after three weeks  of continuous offensive operations in the Ardennes, I wish to express to you and the officers and men of your Division my appreciation of the job the 83rd Division has accomplished during this period.  Fighting under most severe conditions yet encountered on the Western Front, with little or no shelter from driving snow and freezing cold, the division advanced almost 20,000 yards in the First United States Army's drive against the north shoulder of the German salient.  In the critical stage of the attack to break across the Langlir-Ronce River and through the heavy woods to the south, the 83rd Division made two consecutive night attacks and fought continuously without let-up for three days in order to open the way for the final drive of the 3rd Armored Division to cut the vital Houffalize-St. Vith Road which spelled disaster for the entire German position north of the Ourthe River.  The officers and men bore the fury of the elements as well at the vicious fire of the enemy's defense and overcame both.  The 83rd Division can well be proud of its record in the Ardennes counter-offensive which may prove to be the decisive battle on the Western Front.  Please convey to your officers and men my hearty congratulations and best wishes for your future success.  J. Lawton Collins, Major General, US Army.  --  30th Division re-enters Germany.

Feb 5, 1945 - Gang arrested - charged with rolling soldiers in Indianapolis.

Feb 6, 1945 - Son of Wakeman Hospital commander lead rescue of American prisoners in the Philippines.

Feb 8, 1945 - Allied forces reach the Rhine River.

Feb 9, 1945 - Final issue of Freeman AAF's Twingine Times.

Feb 10, 1945 - Automobile service station installed at CAMP ATTERBURY PX for soldier's private cars.

Feb 14, 1945 - Fire–Bombing Of Dresden.  The Allied air forces bombed the city of Dresden in repeated waves. The waves resulted in the creation of afire storm that consumed 11 square miles of the center of the city.

Feb 16, 1945 - 38th Division fights on Corregidor.  The 38th claimed more than 8,000 enemy dead and 75 prisoners. One prisoner said their food and ammunition were almost exhausted. He may have been hungry, but many 38th Division men had been eating captured Jap food, and using Jap ammunition in Jap weapons on their former owners.  92nd Division reported as mauled in Italy.

Feb 19,1945 - US Forces Land On Iwo Jima.  US forces landed on Iwo Jima, 750 miles south of Tokyo. The landings were heavily opposed by the Japanese, who fought to the death. Nevertheless, the US marines overwhelmed the defenders in a few days.  Despite heavy casualties they raise the American flag on Mount Suribaci.

Feb 22, 1945 - Sgt. O'Day, first enlisted man assigned to CAMP ATTERBURY, killed in action.

Feb 24, 1945 - Mickey Rooney Makes Personal Visit of 83rd; Visits Each Regiment.  Hollywood film star is now buck private in Army.  Arriving at the Division Special Service Office after an early morning trip from Corps Headquarters, Rooney ate lunch at the Division rear echelon kitchen.  After lunch he left for the 331st Infantry where he was scheduled for a 1 o'clock show.  The second performance was at three o'clock for the 329th Infantry.  Dining at the 1st Bn Hq Co of the 330th, Rooney was served by Mess Sgt. Joseph C. Walters of Gravois Mills, Mo.  Rooney's final performance was held for the 330th at seven o'clock in a capacity-packed theater.  --  Cut Off For Three Days, Embattled Battalion Refuses To Yield.  The 83rd Division's embattled 3rd Bn of the 330th Infantry was cur off for three days, holding on for all it was worth, near the town of  Strass.  They were relieved by the 2nd Bn of the 329th Infantry.  General Decorates 69 Heroes.  At twin ceremonies at Division Headquarters, and the 331st Infantry, Maj. Gen. Robert Macon presented Silver and Bronze Stars to 69 officers and men who had distinguished battler service to their country


Feb 27, 1945 - Colonel Runquist Is Assigned To Tactical Center At Orlando.  Former commander at Freeman AAF

March, 1945 - Radio Station W.A.K.E. begins operations at Wakeman General Hospital

March 1, 1945 - 477th Bomber Group (all Black) moves to Freeman AAF. 

March 2, 1945 - 83rd Wins Race to Rhine - Spearheads Ninth Army Break-through to River, Rattles Düsseldorf Gates.  The Rhine River in front of Düsseldorf was officially reached at 1000 Friday morning by doughboys of Major General Robert C. Macon's 83rd Division, and the main highway bridge into Düsseldorf from Neuss was reached at 1500 in the afternoon.  By midnight the center of the city was taken by the 330th under Col. Robert T. Foster, while the 329th Infantry under Col. Edwin B. Crabill forged through the southern section of the city.  The 331st Infantry, commanded by Col. Robert H. York working north along the Erft Canal on the Division's right flank, pushed ahead rapidly and was a thousand yards from the Rhine at daybreak Friday morning and on the Rhine by 1000.  Company E of the 331st Infantry is credited officially with being the first unit to reach the Rhine.

March 3, 1945 - CAMP ATTERBURY's Reception Center now 3rd largest in nation.  CAMP ATTERBURY Reception Station Is Crossroads of World.
Veterans Returning to Atterbury Wear Shoulder Patches of Every Outfit.

March 6, 1945 - Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.

March 7, 1945 -   Medical Detachment at Wakeman General Hospital goes from 500 to 1,600.  Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.  US troops reached the Rhine, and found one of the bridges across the Rhine, at Remagen, still standing. As American troops attempted to cross the bridge, the Germans set off a charge, but it failed to destroy the bridge, and soon the Americans were across the Rhine.

March 10. 1945 - Fourteen Black officers of the 477th Bombardment Squadron were refused service at Freeman AAF when they entered the all-white officer's club.

March 14, 1945 - BUILDING PLAN AT WAKEMAN IS AUTHORIZED.  Wilson Says Expenditures of $1,483,293 Are Given Approval.

March 17, 1945 - 3,000 of CAMP ATTERBURY's acres to be leased to farmers.  106th Division gets revenge on Nazis.  Edinburg declared 'off-limits' to all military personnel until water supply isn't decontaminated.

March 22, 1945 - General Patton crosses the Rhine at Nierstein.  Produces classic photo of him urinating in the Rhine River.

March 24, 1945 - For the part played by the 83rd in the liberation of France, Major General Robert C. Macon, Division Commander, received the Croix de Guerre with Palms and the Legion of Honor, grade of officer, from General Louis Koeltz, chief of the French liaison mission.  As an officer of the Legion of Honor, General Macon holds the highest French military award.

March 28, 1945 - Wakeman Hospital to have closed radio station W.A.K.E.  30th Division leads Rhine attack.  Soviet troops reach Austrian border. -- Glider lands on Hill farm. Soldier occupants unhurt in forced landing Wednesday. Un-scheduled landing also made north of Flat Rock.

March 29, 1945 - German city of Frankfurt falls to Allies. -- WAKEMAN GETS RADIO SYSTEM.  Will Bring Entertainment To All Wards. Is Gift Of Muncie Women.

March 30, 1945 - Soviet troops capture Danzig.

April, 1945 - Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in salt mines. Ernie Pyle is killed by a Japanese sniper on le Shima island.  German forces in the Ruhr surrender.

April 20, 1945 - Wakeman Hospital officially becomes two hospitals - Wakeman General and Wakeman Convalescent.  Allies take Nuremburg.

April 21, 1945 - Soviets reach Berlin. -- WAKEMAN IS DESIGNATED NEW CENTER.  One Of Nine New Army Hospital Centers In This Country.  Col. Conner Will be In Charge

April 22, 1945 - Operation Lusty setup to find, transport to US and evaluate captured German planes.  Most planes go to Freeman AAF.

April 24, 1945 - 4,328 enrolled in Wakeman General Hospital's Education Reconditioning Program.  Soldier says housing situation at Columbus is 'the worst'.

April 25, 1945 - Heinrich Himmler begin negotiations with the allies.

April 26, 1945 - Russian Army enters Berlin.  New column, 'The Wardier' begins in the Wakeman Hospital weekly paper, 'The Probe', devoted solely to Wakeman patient news.  Two new gyms to be built, at 5th and Fairbanks, and at Fairbanks and Hospital Road.

April 27, 1945 - German POW escapes from CAMP ATTERBURY.

April 28, 1945 - the first on only American bridge over the Elbe, and the first Army project to be dedicated to President Truman.  Built by the 295th Engineers for the 83rd Division, it marks the 4th river crossing by the Thunderbolts in an unbelievable 10-day race from west of the Rhine that saw doughs outstrip armor in a 215-mile dash that added 23,500 more prisoners to the Division's PW score and freed over 75,000 foreign slave workers. -- Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice. --  330th Reg., 83rd Division fights fanatical Hitler Jugend in Hartz Mountains.  --  Thunderbolts Free Slave Laborers From Underground Prison Plant.  The I and R Platoon of the 329th Infantry overran a combination concentration camp, underground factory and slave labor camp near the village of Eschershausen during the Division's drive to the Elbe. -- 329th Institutes "Surrender by Phone" Service.  "As soon as we capture a town, I hot-foot it to the local Burgemeister and tell him that I wanted him to telephone the next town in our path, ask if there were any Germans there, and did they want to give up", said Capt. Francis C. Schommer, of 3rd Bn, 329th Infantry. "If the answer to both questions, they were told to have white flags flying from every house.  The plan worked in almost every town we tried it", he said.

April 29, 1945 - U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau Concentration Camp.   Surrender of German forces in Italy.  -- Hitler marries Eva Braun in his bunker.

April 30, 1945 - Adolph Hitler commits suicide.  He names Grossamiral Karl Dönitz his successor.  Russian Army raises flag over the Reichstag.  Berlin falls to the Russians.  Joseph Goebbels kills his wife and 6 children, and then commits suicide in the bunker.

May, 1945 - Oscar Schindler's factory is liberated by Russian Army.  1,200 Jews survive.

May 2, 1945 - German troops in Italy surrender.

March 3, 1945 - General Omar Bradley visits the 83rd Division.  Major General Robert C. Macon, commanding general of the 83rd Infantry Division, has been awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by Lt. General George S. Patton, Third Army Commander.  The DSM is second only to the Medal of honor.  Escaped German POW from CAMP ATTERBURY still at large.

May 5, 1945 - Equipment is being sought for men at Wakeman. Franklin's American Legion Post No. 205 is collecting sports equipment for the wounded at Wakeman Hospital.

May 8, 1945 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.  Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel, signs the ratified surrender terms for the German Army at Russian Headquarters in Berlin. Germany.  Escaped German POW from CAMP ATTERBURY re-captured.

May 8, 1945 - NAZIS QUITS. Doenitz Gives Order. - Unconditional surrender of all German forces was announced yesterday by the German radio at Flensburg. Surrendered at 0241 hours Monday, May 7, 1945 (ETO time). V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.  Col Cole replaces Col Conner at Wakeman General Hospital.  German POWs at CAMP ATTERBURY to be notified of Germany's surrender.

May 9, 1945 - Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army.

May 10, 1945 - New hospital paging system setup at Wakeman General.  Reorganization of Wakeman results in three detachments: Hq Detachment Wakeman Hospital Center, Medical Detachment Wakeman General Hospital and Medical Detachment Wakeman Convalescent Hospital.  Two patients awarded Silver Stars.  Wakeman welcomes 49 Cadet Nurses.  Tri-County Saddle Club stage horse show for patients.

May 11, 1945 - Last remaining German troops in Prague surrender.  -- CAMP ATTERBURY IS NOW EQUIPPED FOR NEW DUTY. Personnel Center Carries Out Discharge and Re-Assignment Duties For This Area.  Designation of CAMP ATTERBURY as one of 22 centers to which men now in the European theatre will be returned for discharge or for release on furloughs before being re-assigned to ditty ill the Pacific, will not mean any elaborate changes in the present operations of the post, it was pointed out today.

May 16, 1945 - Germany's Admiral Doenitz issues authorization to General Jodl to meet at Headquarters of General Eisenhower to sign surrender terms.

May 17- August 14, 1945 - Battle of Okinawa.  Actress Gail Sondergaard pays visit to Wakeman wards.

May 19, 1945 - Col. Haskett Conner, Wakeman Hospital is transferred to Woodrow Wilson General Hospital and replaced by Col. Frank Cole.

May 21, 1945 - Train on the way to CAMP ATTERBURY, derails.

May 22, 1945 - members of- the 3d Battalion, 152d Infantry, 38th Division, raised the American flag on Woodpecker Ridge, Manilla.

May 23, 1945 -  Train Wreck Injures 24 Overseas Vets.  Derailment of a troop train on an embankment near Piqua, Ohio, resulted in injury to 24 returning overseas veterans.  Wreckage of the cars, en route to CAMP ATTERBURY, Indiana, with 400 officers and men aboard.  SS Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned.  Col Conner, Commander of Wakeman since its activation 5 April 1944, leaves to become head of Woodrow Wilson General Hospital, Staunton, Virginia. He is a native of New Albany, Indiana.   Col Frank L. Cole is new CO.  Bob Hope and Bing Crosby play a golf match at the Indianapolis Speedway Course, Memorial Day, for the benefit of Wakeman Hospital.  Man Mountain Dean, dazzler of the Grunt and Groan Wrestling circuit is hard at work in the Wakeman Physical Reconditioning Service.

May 26, 1945 - Complete plans and specifications for V-3 and V-4 bombs with a flying range estimated at more than a thousand miles were found recently in an obscure corner of a Polish prison camp in Germany by 83rd Division's Pfc. Harold Bush of the 330th Inf.  Bush's company, under the command of Capt. Joe Di Santis of Springfield, Mo.

June 1, 1945 - Two dead in riot at Fort Benjamin Harrison stockade in Indianapolis. Barracks burned by prisoner uprising late Thursday.

June 2, 1945 - New Wakeman Commander Arrives:  Col. Frank L. Cole, new commanding officer of the Wakeman Hospital Center, paid a visit to Col. Welton M. Modisette, post commander, Tuesday.  Col. Cole (right) arrived in Atterbury Monday to assume his new command.  He formerly headed the Woodrow Wilson General Hospital at Staunton, Va.  Last big island battle in the Pacific ends with an Allied victory on Okinawa.  Pvt Wilbun Ross, recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor is at CAMP ATTERBURY awaiting further orders.

June 5, 1945 - Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.

June 9, 1945 - CAMP ATTERBURY's Reception Center now 2nd largest in nation.

June 10,1945 - Nine captured enemy aircraft transferred from Freeman Field to Chicago-Park Ridge for permanent display.

June 13, 1945 - Col Modisette leaves CAMP ATTERBURY as Post Commander.

June 13, 1945 - Brig. Gen Ernest A. Bixby assumes command of CAMP ATTERBURY.  Col. Modisette to retire.

June 14, 1945 - Swimming prohibited in streams and swimming holes around CAMP ATTERBURY.  Station W.A.K.E begins broadcasts to Wakeman wards.  New patient clothing warehouse opens in Buildings 2114 and 2115 on Smith Street off Edinburg Road.

June 16, 1945 - Glen Miller Band to play for 83rd troops at Passau.

June 26, 1945 - United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

July 1, 1945 - U.S., British, and French troops move into Berlin.

July 3, 1945 - The Post Signal Branch has joined other departments at Atterbury in the "all out" program for meeting demands of the Army as a result of the activities brought about by the redeployment program.

July 10, 1945 - Sandwiches, American sandwiches, Look Good to T/5 Elmer R. Hardy of Washington. Ind., who left Germany 15 days ago and arrived at the Reception Station here at CAMP ATTERBURY this week after 15 months overseas.  Frank Huber, Columbus, assistant manager of PX No. 13 is still amazed at the quantity of food returnees "put away." In the background, Pfc Joel A. Thompson, now assigned to the Reception Station, recalls how food looked to him when he first returned from overseas.

July 11, 1945 - Wakeman library has 4,000 volumes.

July 13, 1945 - Italy declares war on Japan.

July 16, 1945 - First U.S. atomic bomb test.  The Potsdam Conference convenes with U.S. President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee to discuss post-war Europe. Lasting until August 2, the leaders completed several agreements and also issued the "Potsdam Declaration" demanding Japan's unconditional surrender.

July 18, 1945 - 4,500 overseas returnees processed out at CAMP ATTERBURY in just two days.

July 19, 1945 - HMS Reaper departs Cherbourg, France enroute to US with load of German planes, most destined for Freeman AAF.

July 21, 1945 - Public sees captured enemy aircraft during Open House at Freeman AAF.  --  After little more than a week of concentrated basic training, members of the first group of limited duty selectees to be assigned to the Basic Training Section here already are responding like veterans according to officers and training personnel.  The men were all inducted under the recent change in Selective Service policy whereby those not qualified for general military service will be utilized in service command installations to replace soldiers eligible for discharge under the point system or because of age.

July 26, 1945 - Atlee succeeds Churchill as British Prime Minister. -- CAMP ATTERBURY observes 170th anniversary of Army Medics.  Observance of the anniversary was made Wednesday afternoon from 2:30 until 2:45 during regular weekly Wakeman Highlights broadcast over radio station WIBC, Indianapolis, featuring Colonel Cole who gave a history of growth of the Center as a part of the Army Medical Department. --  Heads of the Allied Governments issue Proclamation outlining terms of surrender for the Japanese Government.

July 27, 1945 - Wakeman now has 9,000 patients and is 3rd largest Army hospital. --  Midwestern Hayride from WLW broadcasts from Post.

July 28, 1945 - With redeployment in full swing, the Post Transportation Branch now rivals in activity many metropolitan terminals. On Sunday and Monday of this week 7,994 officers and enlisted returnees arrived here from the ports and reporting back here after completing furloughs. These figures are only for the Reception Station and do not include the hundreds arriving and departing daily

Aug 2, 1945 - Civilian worker at CAMP ATTERBURY dies as a result of practical joke.

Aug 4, 1945 - Gen. Patton Says 83rd Review Was Best He Has Ever Seen.  In a surprise ceremony, General Patton pins the Legion of Merit on General Macon.  The citation for the medal mentions the exceptionally meritorious conduct of Gen. Macon in the German-Ardennes offensive between Dec. 25, 1944 and Jan 26, 1945.  "Burma Road" Bob May Show Here. - Bob Hope and a USO troop consisting of Jerry Colonna, Gale Robbins, Jean Bruner, Ruth Denas, Patty Thomas, Jack Pepper, and Roger Price appear at the Arena in Passau.  Lt. Magill of the 83rd Division and three Sergeants capture 20,000 German troops and their General Staff.

Aug 6, 1945 - First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.  Wakeman capacity increased by 246 more beds - now tops 9,000.

Aug 8, 1945 - Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria.

Aug 9, 1945 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.

Aug 11, 1945 - Expansion of Wakeman General Hospital is progressing. 

Aug 14, 1945 - Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.

Aug 15, 1945 - Cruiser Indianapolis Sunk in Pacific.  All of 1,196 aboard 5th Fleet Flagship killed, missing, hurt.

Aug 15, 1945 - Indiana Governor Paul McNutt visits the 38th Division in the Philippines.

Aug 16, 1945 - CAMP ATTERBURY is calm with arrival of surrender news.  Camp Receives News Of Jap Acceptance Of  Potsdam Terms.

Aug 17-21, 1045 - 30th Division returns to US on the Queen Mary.  The 119thRegiment follows on the USS General Black.

Aug 21, 1945 - 30th Division returns to US.  Six Medal of Honor recipients.  --  With pride in his voice, General Hobbs said: "This division has participated in more tough fights than any division in the European theater. They have made a great record. Naturally. I'm proud of them." 

Aug 24, 1945 - Lt. Haynes dies in crash of a German plane during an evaluation flight at Freeman AAF.

Aug 31, 1945 - Transfer of four hundred (400) German able-bodied prisoners of war to CAMP ATTERBURY.  106th Division aboard SS Queen Elizabeth arrives back in New York.

Sept 1, 1945 - President Truman awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor to Sgt. Ralph G. Neppel and 27 other soldiers in the largest ceremony of its kind ever held.  The ceremony was held at 10 a. m. on the south lawn of the White House, with close relatives and friends of the honored men looking on.  The Congressional Medal of Honor presented to Sgt. Ralph Neppel was the first of its kind ever awarded to a man in the 83rd Division.  Sgt. Neppel served with M Company of the 329th Infantry while in the Division.  Last December, the 21 year old machine gun squad leader was severely wounded by a German shell when he beat off an attack by two 40-ton German tanks supported by 20 infantry men.  Despite his disabling wounds suffered from the tank shell, Sgt. Neppel dragged himself by his elbows to his machine gun, quickly placing it into position and stopped the oncoming German with its deadly fire.  Without its Infantry protection, the tank turned around and withdrew.  Although he was severely wounded, Sgt. Neppel refused evacuation, insisting that some other wounded men be taken care of first.  Sgt. Neppel was recently released from McClousky General Hospital, Temple, Texas, where his wounds had been treated.

Sept 2, 1945 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement;  V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.  "In the morning of 2 September 1945, more that two weeks after accepting the Allies terms, Japan formally surrendered. The ceremonies, less than half an hour long, took place on board the battleship USS Missouri, anchored with other United States' and British ships in Tokyo Bay." -- Japanese Emperor Hirohito issues Proclamation to the Japanese military and civilians to lay down their arms and to fully cooperate.

Sept 7, 1945 - Wakeman General Hospital now has 9,000 patients.  Third largest US Army hospital.  The Japanese troops in Shanghai surrender.

Sept 9, 1945 - The Japanese troops in China surrender.  -- Members of the Post Range section go about locating and marking unexploded shells in the Post "Impact Area." Mine detectors cover the area, and white flags are posted wherever metal is detected.  Removal of mortar and artillery duds from the "Impact Area". Of the range where three divisions and a number of artillery and tank destroyer units have had combat training, is now under way.  -- Emperor Hirohito issues document authorizing Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu to sign the Allie's Instrument of Surrender.

Sept 13, 1945 - The Japanese troops in Burma surrender.  The Japanese troops in New Guinea surrender.

Sept 16, 1945 - The Japanese troops in Hong Kong surrender. -- The 106th Inf. Div. was assigned the mission of guarding POWs in Germany in April as part of the 15th Army. POW enclosures in the vicinity of Buderich, Remagen, Bad Kreuznach and Mannheim, containing 165,272 POWs.  --  The first group of 106th men to break through the German's encirclement in December were members of the I & R Platoon, 423d Inf. Their first rest after 6 days of travel through enemy lines came at St. Vith, Belgium.  --  The Regimental Colors of the 424th Infantry were among the Missing in Action in the furious swift-moving fighting in the Ardennes. In May, a soldier in the 2d Inf. Div., advancing in Czechoslovakia, recovered the Colors from a captured Nazi. The Colors were brought to Bad Ems, and rededicated in a stirring ceremony.

Sept 22, 1944 - Brig. Gen. Ernest Bixby, commanding officer of CAMP ATTERBURY, announced today that discharges for permanent personnel at the post are "frozen" temporarily and that Wakeman Convalescent hospital is being closed gradually.  Gen. Bixby said that discharges were "frozen" in order to speed those of returning veterans and added that the order would affect about 150 permanent members o: the separation staff. He said that Wakeman Convalescent would probable be busy till spring.

Sept 23, 1945 - Johnson County Red Cross Chapter helps establish CAMP ATTERBURY's Nursery Center for children.

Oct 2, 1945 - 106th Division inactivated at Camp Shanks, New York.

Oct 4, 1945 - With the harvesting of over $5,000 worth of sweet corn, activities at the Wakeman Hospital agriculture school farm are coming to an end. Picking of a few other crops. including the third planting of radishes, will continue while the last ears of corn are served at Wakeman mess tables, but there will be no more large harvests until the turkeys raised by the school are ready for their "reward" on Thanksgiving.

Oct 13, 1945 - An average of 250 emergencies is handled daily by the Red Cross, at CAMP ATTERBURY.  The camp staff of 32 persons services every unit at Atterbury, and maintains branch units at both divisions the Separation Center, the Reception Station, and the Reception Center.

Oct 16, 1945 - Wakeman General Hospital at CAMP ATTERBURY probably will be one of the station hospitals which the War Department plats to continue as permanent installations, according to word received in Indianapolis today.
The future of the CAMP ATTERBURY hospital was thrown open to question when Congressman Louis Ludlow of Indianapolis, revealed that the army is considering closing Billings Hospital at Fort Benjamin Harrison.  It was understood that only 10 of the general and convalescent hospitals out of the 78 now maintained by the war department would remain open after the end of the fiscal year.

Oct 18, 1945 - Suggest Atterbury As United Nations Capital Location.  CAMP ATTERBURY, one of the nation's largest war camps, has been proposed to the United Nations Preparatory Commission now meeting in London, as a location for the establishment of the capital of the. United Nations, by Governor Ralph F. Gates.  The governor cabled the commission urging action to be taken in considering several Hoosier sites as possible centers for the capital. including CAMP ATTERBURY.

Oct 22, 1945 - Ten German POWs at CAMP ATTERBURY claim Swiss citizenship

Oct 23, 1945 - Air Field at Grammer, Indiana placed for sale.

Oct 24, 1945 - United Nations is officially born.

Nov 5, 1945 - Senator Raymond D. Willis, was informed today that Wakeman Convalescent Hospital at CAMP ATTERBURY will be closed not later than December 15th.  The hospital has been declared, "In excess of Army needs".  However Senator Willis was told that Wakeman General Hospital will continue to function for an indefinite period.

Nov 9, 1945 - 38th Division is inactivated.  The official Department of the Army report shows that from December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946, there were a total of 3,464 battle casualties, with 645 killed in action and 785 resultant deaths.  Wounded and injured totaled 2,814 of which 139 died and 1,829 were returned to duty. Evacuated to the States - - 846.

Nov 14, 1945 - 39th Evacuation Hospital Unit deactivated.

Nov 20, 1945 - Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.

Defendant

1

2

3

4

Sentence

Martin Bormann

I

-

G

G

Hanging

Karl Dönitz

I

G

G

-

10 years

Hans Frank

I

-

G

G

Hanging

Wilhelm Frick

I

G

G

G

Hanging

Hans Fritzsche

I

-

I

I

Acquitted

Walter Funk

I

G

G

G

Life in prison

Hermann Göring

G

G

G

G

Hanging

Rudolf Hess

G

G

I

I

Life in prison

Alfred Jodl

G

G

G

G

Hanging

Ernst Kaltenbrunner

I

-

G

G

Hanging

Wilhelm Keitel

G

G

G

G

Hanging

Constantin von Neurath

G

G

G

G

15 years

Franz von Papen

I

I

-

-

Acquitted

Erich Raeder

G

G

G

-

Life in prison

Joachim von Ribbentrop

G

G

G

G

Hanging

Alfred Rosenberg

G

G

G

G

Hanging

Fritz Sauckel

I

I

G

G

Hanging

Hjalmar Schacht

I

I

-

-

Acquitted

Baldur von Schirach

I

-

-

G

20 years

Arthur Seyss-Inquart

I

G

G

G

Hanging

Albert Speer

I

I

G

G

20 years

Julius Streicher

I

-

-

G

Hanging

1.    Conspiracy to Wage Aggressive War
2.    Crimes Against Peace
3.    Crimes Against Humanity
4.    War Crimes

G    Guilt
I    Innocent
-    Not charged

Nov 22, 1945 - With much more than usual to be thankful for, Wakeman's patients and personnel today observed their first peace-time Thanksgiving in four years.

Nov 25, 1945 - 30th Division inactivated.

Nov 27, 1945 - Col. Prentice L. Moore, a veteran of 21 years in the Army Medial Corps, has assumed command of Wakeman Genera1 Hospital succeeding Col. Harry F. Becker who is retiring from service.

Dec 1, 1945 - The largest unit of Wakeman Hospital Center, Wakeman Convalescent Hospital, will be discontinued December 15, and final steps for closing are now being made.  Other units of the center, the Wakeman General Hospital. the Medical Technicians School and the 80th Field Hospital, will continue in operation.  Once simply a part of the general hospital's reconditioning service in one of the wards, the convalescent reconditioning service, as it was known, started on the road to becoming a hospital in Itself when it moved to an area In the north section CAMP ATTERBURY.  Later it moved to the south end of the camp and at its peak cared for 6,000 patients with 1,000 assigned officers and enlisted men last summer.
The hospital's education reconditioning section, at first nothing more than an  expanded occupational therapy set-up, grew until it became a "GI" university of 33 schools. The staff of instructors swelled to over 100 for 3,700 patients-students to August of this year.

Dec 9, 1945 - American military tribunal opened criminal proceedings against 23 leading German physicians and administrators for their willing participation in war crimes and crimes against humanity. In Nazi Germany, German physicians planned and enacted the "Euthanasia" Program, the systematic killing of those they deemed "unworthy of life."

Dec 15, 1945 - WAKEMAN STAFF CHANCES MADE. Wakeman Convalescent Hospital Officially Become Wakeman General Hospital.  Convalescent Hospital Is Closed.  Cole Commands General Unit.

Dec 17, 1945 - The closing of Wakeman Convalescent Hospital and Wakeman Hospital Center Saturday will result in three major staff changes in Wakeman General Hospital, which will continue in operation.  Col. Frank L. Cole, who has commanded the center since last May, will assume command of the general hospital, and Col. Prentice L Moore, commanding officer of the general hospital, will become executive officer.
Maj. Joe Bassett, who has: been center executive officer, will be assistant executive officer of the general hospital.
The medical department enlisted technicians school will be attached to the general hospital and will continue to operate under the command of Col. Humphrey N. Ervin, it's resent commanding officer.

Dec 26, 1945 - Suggest Atterbury As United Nations Capital Location.

Dec 26, 1945 - HOSPITAL END WILL BE SOON. Convalescent Branch at Atterbury Down to 360 Patients.

Dec 28, 1945 - Moore Is New Wakeman Head. Succeeds Becker as Commander of General Hospital at CAMP ATTERBURY.

Dec 29, 1945 - CAMP ATTERBURY's Post Library Offers Many Educational Opportunities.  The library sections have over 10,000 books in all fields and interests.

Dec 31, 1945 - According to the announcement made in Washington, Wakeman General Hospital at CAMP ATTERBURY is to be maintained as one of the army's big general hospitals. This statement was construed by Washington officials to mean that CAMP ATTERBURY will continue in use as one of the nation's principal army bases. Another division of the camp's hospital center, that known as Wakeman Convalescent Hospital, is to be closed. It has been offered to the Veterans Administration but was tentatively rejected by that organization as unsuited to the continued housing of veteran patients, both for lack of personnel and because it is not a fire-proof building.

Page last revised 01/16/2011
James D. West www.IndianaMilitary.org